resources provide teachers, parents, and community members viable
tools, data, and information for supporting the arts in Spring ISD. Make
sure to check-out the links to arts organizations and the suggested
reading list of important advocacy texts that support the arts in the
is in Apple’s DNA that technology alone is not enough—it’s technology
married with liberal arts, married with the humanities, that yields us
the results that make our heart sing.”
arts education connects young people to themselves, their culture and
civilization. It provides the imagination to see something wholly new
in the most ordinary materials and events while daring them to challenge
tired modes of expression.
arts education develops collaborative and teamwork skills, technical
competencies, flexible thinking, and an appreciation for diversity.
arts are an industry in their own right---the arts are an economically
sound investment for communities of all sizes. The arts are a net
contributor to the nation’s economy. The annual contributions of the
arts to the national economy is over $36.8 billion a year. The number
of jobs supported by the arts nationally is over 1.3 billion.
arts education teaches directly to life attitudes and skills that
businesses are looking for. More and more executives are beginning to
discover not only that the arts make for a more stimulating work
environment, but they have a direct, positive impact on the bottom
the new arts education, children learn to convey ideas, feelings, and
emotions by creating their own images. They learn to decode and
understand the historical and cultural messages wrapped up in works of
art. They reflect on the meaning of their perceptions and experiences.
of the arts encourages a suppleness of mind, a toleration for
ambiguity, a taste for nuance, and the ability to make trade-offs among
alternative courses of action.
•The arts are serious and rigorous academic subjects. They are essential as an aspect of human knowledge.
in the arts continue to outperform their non-art peers on the S.A.T.
according to the College Entrance Examination Board. In 1995, SAT scores
for students who studied the arts more than four years were 59 points
higher on the Verbal and 44 points higher in the Math portions than
students without the same art experiences.
arts convey knowledge and meaning not learned through the study of
other subjects. They represent a form of thinking and a way of knowing
that is based in Human Imagination and Judgment.
the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the arts are recognized as part of
the core curriculum, alongside other challenging subject matter like:
English, Mathematics, Science, Foreign Language, and History.
•An arts education teaches students to draw on new resources to empower their lives.
arts education brings many other faculties into play: Curiosity,
Wonder, Delight, a Sense of Mystery, Satisfaction, (and Frustration if
arts education is part of the definition of what it means to be an
“educated person” in other words, a critical and analytical learner, a
confident decision-maker, a problem poser and problem solver, and an
imaginative and creative thinker.
of the arts helps students to think and work across traditional
disciplines. They learn to integrate knowledge and think outside the
teachers daily ask their students to engage in learning activities
which require use of higher-order thinking skills like analysis,
synthesis, and evaluation. Arts education, then, is first of all, an
activity of the mind.
arts education focuses young people to have the eye of discernment that
can separate the good from the mediocre, and the truly beautiful from
the merely good.
•The learning is the doing, and the arts allow students TO DO! No other educational medium offers the same opportunity.
arts education contributes to technological competence. New
technologies make it possible for students to try a cast array of
solutions to artistic problems. Technology can extend the reach of the
art learner, but is difficult without a broad and content-rich arts
education to use tools well and effectively.
cutting-edge worker in the Information Age Economy is the “Knowledge
Worker,” a continuous and highly adaptable learner who possess a wide
range of higher order thinking skills. This employee is an IMAGINATIVE
thinker with high-level COMMUNICATION and INTERPERSONAL skills
Benefits of Music EducationDid You Know?
school and high school students who participated in instrumental music
scored significantly higher than their non-band peers in standardized
tests. University studies conducted in Georgia and Texas found
significant correlations between the number of years of instrumental
music instruction and academic achievement in math, science and language
Source: University of Sarasota Study, Jeffrey Lynn Kluball; East Texas State University Study, Daryl Erick Trent
Did You Know?
who were exposed to the music-based lessons scored a full 100 percent
higher on fractions tests than those who learned in the conventional
manner. Second-grade and third-grade students were taught fractions in
an untraditional manner by teaching them basic music rhythm notation.
The group was taught about the relationships between eighth, quarter,
half and whole notes. Their peers received traditional fraction
Source: Neurological Research, March 15, 1999
Did You Know?
majors are the most likely group of college grads to be admitted to
medical school. Physician and biologist Lewis Thomas studied the
undergraduate majors of medical school applicants. He found that 66
percent of music majors who applied to med school were admitted, the
highest percentage of any group. For comparison, (44 percent) of
biochemistry majors were admitted. Also, a study of 7,500 university
students revealed that music majors scored the highest reading scores
among all majors including English, biology, chemistry and math.
"The Comparative Academic Abilities of Students in Education and in
Other Areas of a Multi-focus University," Peter H. Wood, ERIC Document
"The Case for Music in the Schools," Phi Delta Kappan, February, 1994
Did You Know?
study can help kids understand advanced music concepts. A grasp of
proportional math and fractions is a prerequisite to math at higher
levels, and children who do not master these areas cannot understand
more advanced math critical to high-tech fields. Music involves ratios,
fractions, proportions and thinking in space and time. Second-grade
students were given four months of piano keyboard training, as well as
time using newly designed math software. The group scored over 27
percent higher on proportional math and fractions tests than children
who used only the math software.
Source: Neurological Research March, 1999
Did You Know?
McGill University study found that pattern recognition and mental
representation scores improved significantly for students given piano
instruction over a three-year period. They also found that self-esteem
and musical skills measures improved for the students given piano
Source: Dr. Eugenia Costa-Giomi, "The McGill
Piano Project: Effects of three years of piano instruction on children's
cognitive abilities, academic achievement, and self-esteem," presented
at the meeting of the Music Educators National Conference, Phoenix, AZ,
Benefits of Theatre Education
CEO and President of the Texas Educational Theatre Association, Inc.,
it is my pleasure to represent over 1300 theatre educators in the state
of Texas. Theatre is at the heart of arts education. The arts provide
students of Texas with the most useful tool available in our education
system today. Students who participate in the arts, both in school and
after school, demonstrate improved academic performance and lower
dropout rates. Effective education is based on three main ideas:
personal, cultural, and economic. Enrichment subjects in the arts ensure
we are educating the whole child and preparing productive citizens for
Theatre and fine arts classes do not just enrich the
lives of students because they learn about storytelling, teamwork,
creativity, innovation, and personal expression. Theatre and the fine
arts enrich every academic subject that a student studies. They learn
history when they study the time period of a play and literary structure
when they determine given circumstances, climax, and denouement; they
learn mathematics when they explore spatial compositions; they learn
science when they discover how pigment and light react to one another
while painting scenery or designing costumes.
We should be
passionate about the importance of integrating theatre into not only
elementary education, but also middle, secondary, and post-secondary
education. “The arts provide a dynamic that is not present in most
academic subjects and make learning a richer experience,” said Sandy
Garrett, Oklahoma State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Arts in
the schools increase test scores and lower dropout rates. The Arts
Education Partnership’s publication, Critical Links, contains 62
academic research studies that, taken together, demonstrate how arts
education helps close the achievement gap, improves academic skills
essential for reading and language development, and advances students’
motivation to learn.
Benefits of Theatre Education: Improving Academic Performance and Lowering Drop Out Rates
By David Stevens, CEO/President, 2007-2009
Texas Educational Theatre Association, Inc.
Published in Texas Theatre Notes in two parts May, 2007 & October, 2007
Benefits of Art Education
In recent years, school curricula in the United States have shifted
heavily toward common core subjects of reading and math, but what about
the arts? Although some may regard art education as a luxury, simple
creative activities are some of the building blocks of child
development. Learning to create and appreciate visual aesthetics may be
more important than ever to the development of the next generation of
children as they grow up.
Developmental Benefits of Art
Skills: Many of the motions involved in making art, such as holding a
paintbrush or scribbling with a crayon, are essential to the growth of
fine motor skills in young children. According to the National
Institutes of Health, developmental milestones around age three should
include drawing a circle and beginning to use safety scissors. Around
age four, children may be able to draw a square and begin cutting
straight lines with scissors. Many preschool programs emphasize the use
of scissors because it develops the dexterity children will need for
Language Development: For very young children, making
art—or just talking about it—provides opportunities to learn words for
colors, shapes and actions. When toddlers are as young as a year old,
parents can do simple activities such as crumpling up paper and calling
it a “ball.” By elementary school, students can use descriptive words to
discuss their own creations or to talk about what feelings are elicited
when they see different styles of artwork.
According to a report by Americans for the Arts, art education
strengthens problem-solving and critical-thinking skills. The experience
of making decisions and choices in the course of creating art carries
over into other parts of life. “If they are exploring and thinking and
experimenting and trying new ideas, then creativity has a chance to
blossom,” says MaryAnn Kohl, an arts educator and author of numerous
books about children’s art education.
Visual Learning: Drawing,
sculpting with clay and threading beads on a string all develop
visual-spatial skills, which are more important than ever. Even toddlers
know how to operate a smart phone or tablet, which means that even
before they can read, kids are taking in visual information. This
information consists of cues that we get from pictures or
three-dimensional objects from digital media, books and television.
need to be aware that children learn a lot more from graphic sources
now than in the past,” says Dr. Kerry Freedman, Head of Art and Design
Education at Northern Illinois University. “Children need to know more
about the world than just what they can learn through text and numbers.
Art education teaches students how to interpret, criticize, and use
visual information, and how to make choices based on it.” Knowledge
about the visual arts, such as graphic symbolism, is especially
important in helping kids become smart consumers and navigate a world
filled with marketing logos.
Inventiveness: When kids are
encouraged to express themselves and take risks in creating art, they
develop a sense of innovation that will be important in their adult
lives. “The kind of people society needs to make it move forward are
thinking, inventive people who seek new ways and improvements, not
people who can only follow directions,” says Kohl. “Art is a way to
encourage the process and the experience of thinking and making things
Cultural Awareness: As we live in an increasingly
diverse society, the images of different groups in the media may also
present mixed messages. “If a child is playing with a toy that suggests a
racist or sexist meaning, part of that meaning develops because of the
aesthetics of the toy—the color, shape, texture of the hair,” says
Freedman. Teaching children to recognize the choices an artist or
designer makes in portraying a subject helps kids understand the concept
that what they see may be someone’s interpretation of reality.
Academic Performance: Studies show that there is a correlation between
art and other achievement. A report by Americans for the Arts states
that young people who participate regularly in the arts (three hours a
day on three days each week through one full year) are four times more
likely to be recognized for academic achievement, to participate in a
math and science fair or to win an award for writing an essay or poem
than children who do not participate.
Source: The Importance of Art in Child Development By Grace Hwang Lynch
Benefits of Dance Education
15 benefits of dance and dance education.
1) Dance education aids the development of kinesthetic intelligence.
2) Dance education creates opportunities for self-expression and communication within the constraints of the medium of the body.
3) Dance, whether representational, thematic, or abstract, is a repository of civilization that changes through time.
Dance education teaches the values and skills of creativity, problem
solving, risk taking, making judgments in the absence of rules, and
higher-order thinking skills.
5) Dance provides an opportunity for students to recognize that there are multiple solutions to problems.
6) The study of dance fosters an individual’s ability to better interpret interpersonal nonverbal communication.
7) Dance education provides a strong base from which to analyze and make informed judgments about corporeal images.
8) Learning the dances of other cultures helps students to develop an understanding and respect for them.
Through stimulating all the senses, dance goes beyond verbal language
in engaging dancers and promoting the development of multisensory
10) Dance provides options to destructive alternatives in a world that is unpredictable and unsafe for children.
11) Dance education prepares people for careers in dance and other fields.
12) Dance enhances an individual’s lifelong quality of life.
13) Participation in dance benefits our communities economically.
Dance education helps students develop physical fitness, appreciation
of the body, concern for sound health practices, and effective stress
15) Dance education contributes to the National Education Goals (from the Educate America Act of 1994).
Source: Judith Lynne Hanna’s 1999 book, Partnering Dance and Education
Benefits of Extra Curricular Activities
- Improved discipline, attendance, and academic performance
- Character building
- Life skills/social issues/self-confidence
- Problem solving/higher-level thinking
- Decreases students at risk for drugs/alcohol/dropping out
are not solely about what the score is, how many wins or losses are
attained during a season, or what place is won at a competition. They
provide and instruct students with lessons that will last them a
The College Board states:
good news is that colleges pay attention to your life both inside and
outside the classroom. Yes, your academics probably come first, but your
activities reveal a great deal about you, such as:
-How you've made a meaningful contribution to something
–-What your non-academic interests are
–-Whether you can maintain a long-term commitment
–-Whether you can manage your time and priorities
–-What diversity you'd bring to the student body.
Arts Advocacy Quick Referece Guide
Americans for the Arts
Americans for the Arts-Sample Letters
Arts Advocacy Kit
NAEA National Art Education Association- Advocacy Resources
NAEA 28 Advocacy Advisories
Web Sources on Advocacy and Policy
The Arts Leave No Child Behind
Kennedy Center Arts Edge Advocacy Essentials
Keep Arts in Schools
The Washington Alliance for Arts Education
Arts on the Line: Tools for the Arts Advocate
Arts on the Line: Articles and Resources
Ten Principles of Effective Statewide Online Advocacy Networks
25 Questions for Advocates to Ask Themselves:
Alliance of New York State Arts Organizations: 2008 Advocacy Handbook
Creative Art Space for Kids Organization
No Subject Left Behind
Gaining the Arts Advantage
Subscribe to the "Critical Link" E-Newsletter
Arts Plan New Jersey
The Complete Curriculum: Ensuring a place for the arts and foreign languages in Americas schools
Finding the Will and the Way to Make the Arts a Core Subject
Art Education Talking Points
Champions for Change
Making a Case for the Arts
Arts Students Outperform Non-Arts Students on SAT
Scores of Students in the Arts